“Special” Education

All students deserve to be happy.

The Canteen at Classical Lyceum: Do you wish you had choices like this?

I have loved my time at the Zaporizhia Classical Lyceum, but it’s clearly not an average Ukrainian school. There are 22,000 schools across Ukraine, and the Classical Lyceum is ranked 23rd in test scores.  I’ve been learning more about why.  Clearly, the teachers are good, but there are other factors as well.  Even though it’s public, students have to take a test to get in.  I just found out today that they get tested again after grade nine, and the class size drops significantly.  They only keep about 30 of the top students out of 50, so their graduates are the best and the brightest.

The motto at School 71: "You can be the best"

Today, we visited another exceptional public school, School 71 in Zaporizhia.  Like the Classical Lyceum, students take a test to get in and they specialize (in language instead of music).  Students were eager and are working on writing letters to students at IACS.  So, I hope to bring home some personal notes of introduction! I also gave them IACS wristbands, which they loved.


So, where are the students who are “average?” Where are the students who have special needs? There’s no such thing as inclusion in Ukraine, as far as I can tell.  Students with learning disabilities, physical handicaps, or mental retardation are kept separate.  In fact, we were told that many fathers leave their families when a baby is born with disabilities.  It’s very sad. Overall, there isn’t space made in traditional public schools for students with any kind of exceptional need.

There is some hope.  Today, we got an opportunity to visit a special education school in Zaporizhia.  They have the full range of students, from age 6 to adult, from ADHD to severe mental retardation. They have teachers who specialize in many areas, from physical therapy to music and art therapy.  The teachers that we observed used many creative strategies to reach their students — we saw them use toys, demonstrations, and even give the students a chance to sculpt the curriculum topics in clay. The teachers also showed a lot of love towards the students, and the classes were small — always less than 8 students, but more often 2-4 students per class.

I was impressed with their creative methods. For instance, they have this sensory room where students can calm down if needed.  I wish we had one of these at Innovation Academy:

The school is fully funded by the government, but there are some problems, of course.  It was small (less than 50 students), so I get the impression that there are many students who don’t attend any school or get any special help. Also, some students live there and go home only one night a week. The school doesn’t have facilities for bathing, so students who live at school just get a full shower when they go home.  I also feel sad for the students who don’t get to be in a regular classroom.  We saw some classrooms with kids who were teenagers together with pre-school kids.  It seems like special education in Ukraine has a long way to go.  But then again, we have a lot to learn in the United States too.

15 replies »

  1. It is too bad there is not enough schools for special needs children. Especially because some of their fathers have left them. 😦

  2. i agree Ms. Krakauer, it’s very sad that there aren’t many schools for children with special needs. i feel really bad for them. i just wish that all the children in Ukraine will be able to get the right amount of education, and be able to graduate from college with huge smiles of success on their faces! unfortunately, that probably won’t happen until a very long time, sadly. 😥
    i like the video of the Sensory Room. it looks really cool, and relaxing. especially the fake flames, lava lamps, the disco ball, and the boxes of balls.
    i checked out the picture of the cafeteria at classical lyceum. it looks really cool! i would DEFINITELY like it if we had one of those at Innovation Academy!
    i also like the very first picture. were in the Classical Lyceum then?
    well, enjoy your time there!

  3. That is very sad that the fathers leave them if there kids have disabilities. I wonder why they would do that. Thats very sad. But I hope your trip is fun! Did you try any new foods?

  4. It’s sad to hear that families gave up on special needs kids. I, personally, would never do that! It’s good that this school gives them a 2nd chance! My brother is a special needs kid (very minor, though) who is in a Special Needs (Special Ed Kidz) Baseball and Basketball league. I think this school is just like that. It’s a great thing. The balloons are cool too. The special needs children deserve to be happy, and the balloons were a wonderful way to make them joyful.

  5. I can’t imagine Iacs without the diverse population that we have now. Its very sad that they exclude children that they don’t think are perfect.

  6. Those adorible children who are in need should go to an ausome and great school! There is a great YouTube video with Daniel RadCliff, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson that is about kids who need alittle or alot of extra help! I how they can grow up,get married, and have some children!
    _ Hailey_ 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s