Innovation on Earth

Global Citizenship Resources for Innovation Academy and Beyond

The Heroes Among Us

What is needed to destroy a microscopic virus like this?Virus

Students in my advisory drew pictures of superheroes that could defeat Covid-19. We had some creative ideas! They held them up during our video conference so I didn’t get amazing screenshots of everything, but here’s a taste:

Mr. Clean

Super Cat



I decided to make my superhero out of balloons. I think doctors and scientists are going to end up being the real life heroes to help us out of this mess, so I made a person in scrubs with a cape and virus catcher:

Medical Hero

I have been seeing a lot of people in our community stepping up to help others, in big ways and small ways. While they might not be super heroes exactly, it makes a real difference. A local 3rd grade Girl Scout troop put out a call online to see if anyone wanted cookies; I sent them money electronically and got some Thin Mints and Peanut Butter Patties delivered to my doorstep. Many people are sewing masks to donate to local hospitals. A lot of people are checking in on friends and family members who are alone or vulnerable. I’m grateful to these real-life helpers.

Who do you know who is taking superhero-like actions these days? Comment below and let’s inspire each other.



Superheroes Needed: Connection in the Age of Corona

It’s a scary time, but I just got off of a video chat with the students in my advisory and I feel just a little more hopeful. Finding ways to connect is so important. Normally pre-teens complain about school a lot, but everyone just wants to come back now. Schools are not meant to be empty. Empty Halls

We’re all doing our best to get through each day. Live video is awesome — so far this week, I went to a virtual yoga class, sing-along, open-mic birthday party, guided meditation, and a concert. It’s not quite the same as seeing people in person, but it’s the closest we can get right now. At my friend’s birthday party, we all did a one-minute sketch of her, and it was a blast. Sharing Pictures

Every time I get outside for a walk, I am reminded how important it is to get fresh air. It’s raining today, but even a few minutes outside can be healing, so maybe I’ll go stomp in some puddles. Yesterday’s sun was divine.Flowers

My husband and I have also been doing a lot of cooking.Cooking

And artwork is so healing. I stumbled across this chalk art yesterday at a public park (don’t worry — I stayed far from other people). I love it so much.Art

What are you doing to keep sane and happy? My students and I decided to meet up again tomorrow, via video chat. We gave ourselves a challenge, just for fun — everyone is going to draw a superhero who can defeat this virus. Tomorrow we’ll share them via video.90387981_10156851191607127_2227511979784798208_n

Want to join us? Send in your own superhero pictures by 3 pm on Friday, March 20th. I’ll try to post some here once I get them in. We could also use a good superhero just about now.

Guest Post: Kennedy Space Center

Screen Shot 2019-09-01 at 1.28.37 PM.pngIt’s Labor Day weekend and officially time to go back to school! We all had so many adventures this summer. I’m very excited to start the school year by sharing this guest blog entry from one of our new fifth graders, Logan. Do get in touch if YOU have adventures you’d like to share too!

* * * * * * * *

My family went to the Kennedy Space Center on July 5th.  It was just before the 50th Anniversary of the Apollo Moon Landing.Screen Shot 2019-09-01 at 1.29.48 PM.png

Apollo 11 was launched July 16, 1969.  The space ship landed on the moon on July 20, 1969.

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Neil Armstrong was the first man on the moon.  He said “That’s one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.” On our bus tour to the Apollo building, we saw alligators and a really cool bald eagles nest. When we got to the Apollo building, we got to see a rocket that was as big as a warehouse.  The Apollo rocket was so big.  They all the badges from each Apollo mission all alongside the rocket.  We bought all the badges for our house as souvenirs.

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We went to the Space Shuttle Atlantis building. We got to see the Atlantis space shuttle.  It was so cool. We took so many pictures.  There was a great presentation about Atlantis and then the door opened up and you walked into the room where Atlantis was.

My favorite part was the Shuttle Launch Experience. We got to feel all the stuff you would actually feel if you went in an actual space ship.

We also got to see a Mars Rover.  Screen Shot 2019-09-01 at 1.29.06 PM.png

There is so much to do that we did not get to see it all.  I want to go back and do the Astronaut Training experience and see the Heroes and Legends.

~Logan, grade 5



How can I summarize my experience in Southern Africa in 55 minutes?

Screen Shot 2018-12-07 at 8.22.44 AM.pngThis morning I spent a 55 minute block talking to students about my experience in Southern Africa, and I’m about to do it again with another group. I’ve been three times to this region — 1) in 2001 I spent 6 weeks in Cape Town while working as a private teacher, 2) in 2011 I traveled for 3 and a half weeks with a group of teachers on an overland camping trip, and 3) this past summer in 2018 I went back to Cape Town, and to see Namibia, which I didn’t get to see on my last trip.

2011 Trip.png

IMG_0038It’s a daunting task — how can I explain my time traveling through 6 countries and miles of landscapes in a way that captures even a little bit of what I’ve learned? I use lots of photos and videos, but mostly, I try to tell stories and share the moments that tugged at my heart. I have to believe that if it meant a lot to me, it will resonate with the kids. So, here’s a taste of my favorite experiences in this gigantic corner of the world:

Walking with lions in Zimbabwe

Antelope Park.pngVisiting Antelope Park was an unbelievable experience. I got to walk with lions who were raised with humans and pet lion cubs. I also got to watch a kill (well, our jeep arrived after the lions attacked but while the wildebeest was still alive). I know that there are ethical issues with keeping lions in captivity, but I do know that this center was very focused on conservation and protection. And it was truly something that I will never forget. Here’s a snazzy little video I made about the experience (back in 2011):

Riding on a mokoro through the Okavango Delta in Botswana

Delta Moon.pngMy guides really got me freaked out about camping in the back country in the Okavango Delta, without fences around our tents to protect us. It turned out to be a really peaceful experience, away from all the hustle and bustle. With stunning views of the moon. I loved getting to know our polers and learning about their lives too.

Experiencing Victoria Falls, on the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe

Victoria Falls is one of the three biggest waterfalls in the world. Surprisingly, I haven’t been to Niagara Falls yet, one of the other big ones. I wasn’t planning to ride a microlight over the falls, but then at the last minute, I did it. And it was spectacular! But also great to get really close and get soaking wet from the spray.

Climbing Table Mountain in South Africa

There’s something magical about Cape Town, and a lot of that has to do with Table Mountain. Towering over the city, it’s just a gorgeous site.

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On this recent trip, I got to hike it! It was such a beautiful day, and so much better than taking the cable car. Screen Shot 2018-12-07 at 12.50.40 PM

Snorkeling with a whale shark in Mozambique

Inhambane.pngI didn’t have an underwater camera when I snorkeled with a whale shark in the Indian Ocean. It lasted about 10 seconds, but it was one of the coolest experiences of my life. I’ve searched online for videos which begin to show what it was like, and this is the closest I’ve found to my own experience.

Climbing the dunes in Namibia

I recently wrote about the dunes in Namibia, and the animals of the desert, but it was really special to show my students the photos and videos, and also to let them check out some of the sand that I brought back. When you hold a magnet to it, you can see the iron oxide in the sand!

Going on Safari at Kruger in South Africa, Chobe in Botswana, and Etosha in Namibia

Where do I begin? I love animals. Each experience has been wonderful. I wrote a bunch about Etosha’s big animals, birds, and night life recently, but here are some older videos and pictures.

There’s so much more to share, and I didn’t even begin to talk about my time in Mali, in West Africa. I’m saving that for another day. I do hope that students got a little bit of an idea of why I keep going back to this part of the world.  And hopefully some day I’ll be reading their blog entries. Tropic of Capricorn.png


Democracy works when you take action!

In 6th grade Social Studies class, we’ve been learning about how our ancestors fought in the American Revolution so that we could have a say in how our country should be run. Our students visited the Boston Tea Party Museum, and participated in a meeting to decide how to respond to the king’s taxes.Meeting.png

Then we got to go on a ship and throw some tea overboard!

We also walked on the Old North Bridge, where the famous “Shot Heard ‘Round the World” was fired.

Many colonists died in that war so that we could have the system of government we have today.Have a Say in the World

The students have been studying the democratic process, and they learned that people in our country have the right to voice their opinions. Each class voted on an issue that they were passionate about, did lots of research, and figured out how to use their voices to work towards change through our government’s system. It was a lengthy process with a lot of discussion, but ultimately they got to see what Democracy in Action means.Vote Now

One class decided to explore the issue of safe gun policy, and they were happy to learn that Governor Baker recently signed a “Red Flag Law” which would allow family members to take away firearms from people who are a danger to themselves or others. The class collaborated to make a website to encourage citizens to write to their representatives asking for this to become a Federal law. RedflagWebsite1

Another class was excited to dig into the topic of immigration, and they voted to focus on the issue of children in detention. After doing a bunch of research, students found out that citizens have until Nov. 6th to voice their opinions on a proposed rule that would take away the current 20 day maximum for holding children in detention. Many students had ideas for what to say to members of government about this proposal, and they figured out how to make a public comment, so they could show the adults in their families. One group of students in that class made an Instagram post to get their ideas across, while others preferred writing letters with their opinions. Public Comment.png

There are many ways to make your voice heard, whether you are old enough to vote or not. Please stand up for whatever you believe in, and be a part of our Democracy.

The Night Skies of Southern Africa

July is winter when you’re south of the Equator. The days are pretty short and the nights are cold!Evening Light.pngDuring what I considered to be my “summer vacation” trip, I wore my down jacket every night in Southern Africa. We were often waking up before the sunrise and setting up our tent as it was getting dark.


Each night, we would set up our tents, and then explore the campsite a bit while one of our guides, Norman, cooked for the group.Cooking

Sometimes we’d use this time to shower, help chop vegetables, or just relax after a long day. As an animal lover, I’d often be off checking out the local flora and fauna. Birdie in tree

One of my favorite things to spot were these beautiful nests, which were all over, and always seemed to be on the brink of falling off:Nest

The sun would usually set sometime before food was ready.Another sunset.png

Once dinner was prepared, we’d gather around a fire, eat, and chat about our day. Our other guide, Justice, would often give us a briefing for the next day to come.


After dark, there were even more bugs to spot, on nearby trees (like this cricket), or sometimes on the walls of the bathroom, like that big one we had also seen at Fish River Canyon (hand for scale):


After dinner, we were usually so tired we just went right to bed. But sometimes, we stayed up with our cameras, trying to capture the beauty of the night sky. The Milky Way is really bright when there aren’t street lights around! Can you believe there are this many stars?Milky Way.png

In the morning, we’d have to take down our tents and head out for the next day’s adventures.

After more than a week of camping, skin dry and dirty from the cold, dusty wind, we arrived back in Cape Town to a posh hotel for our last night of the trip. Somehow, we got upgraded to a bigger room than we paid for, and got a view of the sunset over the ocean.


We hadn’t expected to do much sky gazing in Cape Town, where many less stars were on view due to the bright lights of the city. However, something unexpected happened. We met up for dinner with a woman I met 17 years earlier, on my first visit to Cape Town. Through the power of the internet, I had located her and asked if she’d like to meet up. She suggested a restaurant downtown, and we arrived without a reservation but got seated on the patio, overlooking the harbor. Old Friends.png

As we waited for our food, we kept seeing people with cameras, looking up at the sky. IMG_55AC62824EDD-1.jpegWith the help of our smart phones (finally back in cell reception land), we learned that there was a lunar eclipse that night. And our seats on the patio gave us front row seats!

In addition to the full coverage of the moon, as the Earth’s shadow blocked it from the sun’s light, Mars was huge and red, at its brightest just to the side of the moon.  It was an incredible sight. I didn’t bring my camera with my zoom lens, so just watched for hours and took bad photos with my cell camera.

Luckily, this was the longest eclipse of the century. It started at 7:15 and reached totality at 9:30 PM. But then it stayed totally dark for 1 hour and 43 minutes. During that time, it was visible, but just a kind of deep red glow. We drove back to the hotel in time for me to grab my zoom lens and capture it as the eclipse started to recede again.

Lunar Eclipse 1.png

It was a truly magical evening, and I was glad to capture it, at least a little bit, with my camera. A fitting end to a trip full of beautiful skies!Lunar Eclipse 2

Fish River Canyon, Spitzkoppe, and the Weird Rocks of Namibia

I’ve written about Namibia’s salt pans and desert dunes, so by now you must be picturing Namibia as a flat, dry expanse. The school year began, and I got busy and stopped writing about my summer adventures.

But if I stop here, your image of Namibia will be wrong. It IS quite a desolate country, with only two and half million people in the whole country, but it’s not as barren as you might think. We first glimpsed Namibia from our campsite in South Africa, gazing across the Orange River.Orange River.png

The next day, before heading to the official border crossing, we canoed along the border. CanoeingThe water fowl and jutting rocks were a beautiful distraction from the freezing puddles of water inside our awkward blow up canoe. Here’s my best shot of an African fish eagle, the North American bald eagle’s long lost cousin:African Fish Eagle

From here, we entered Namibia and drove straight to Fish River Canyon, one of the biggest canyons in Africa. We watched the sun set and took a million photos.Sunset.png

Here’s a video that tries to capture the experience of being there, not knowing where to focus my attention, because there were so many angles to seeing this place:

The next morning we went back to see the sun rise there.sunrise.jpgIt was really peaceful (and cold)!

I made a balloon Namibian flag to celebrate our arrival! Lots of members of my group posed for photos with it:

Looking out at the amazing Fish River Canyon was beautiful, but it was only the beginning of the interesting rocks we were about to see. It seemed like everywhere we drove, there were mountains out the window. But not the kinds I’d seen before.

And then this scene, with bonus zebras. Wow.Drive by zebras.png

I played around with the time lapse mode on my phone.

And then I was trying to listen to an audiobook but kept getting distracted by this odd landscape: Moon 1

Then our guide stopped the truck and we had some time to wander the “moon landscape” which is actually what they call it. Is this what you imagine the surface of the moon to be like?

A few days later, we visited Spitzkoppe, an area further north, famous for their rocks. So well known, in fact, that bushmen painted on these rocks thousands of years ago.

Spitzkoppe 7.png

The rock paintings were pretty awesome to see. It’s estimated they were painted between 4,400 BCE and 100 AD.

It was an interesting area to walk around. I especially loved seeing how the trees interacted with the rocks, and all the birds building nests in between.

It was also really fun to climb the rocks!

From up high, we could see tons of little dassies, also called rock hyraxes. They’re adorable. They look like rodents, but it turns out that their closest living relative is the elephant.Dassie 1

They came down to check us out up close too, hoping to get some of our lunch. And they succeeded. Dassie 2

As we were cleaning up from lunch, we spotted a few rock agama lizards. The breeding male is a shimmery purple color, and it was a pretty spectacular color! Rock Agama 2

Action shot — notice the tongue.Rock Agama 3

I hope these photos give you a taste of how varied and interesting the landscape of Namibia really is. Yes, there are safari animals and a huge desert, but this country is so much more than that. Spitzkoppe 8

Birds of Etosha National Park

Given how many amazing birds we saw in Etosha National Park, I felt like they deserved their own blog entry. They’re small, but there’s lots to see. Looking.png

I have to start with my favorite, the lilac breasted roller. It’s the national bird of Botswana, and I first saw it there back in 2011. It continues to be one of the most beautiful birds I’ve ever seen. How could I choose a favorite photo? I’ll include only four:

Lilac Breasted Roller in flight

Also, you are probably familiar with the biggest bird of Etosha, right? The ostrich is a silly looking animal, but also quite interesting. The males are black and the females are grey, so this one is a male:Ostrich 1Not sure what kind of dance is going on here:Watering hole - ostrich fancyAnd one more shot in front of the salt pan:Ostrich Springbok Wildebeest and salt panAnd a little video of how they run!

We saw a number of other really large birds at Etosha. This one is called a kori bustard. Bird proudKori bustard

These are called secretary birds! They’re huge too!Secretary Birds.png

Not quite as large, but with beautiful “hair” is the grey go-away-bird. Yes, that’s really what they’re called, because of their call. Birds - gray.png

Some birds eat meat, and they look a little less friendly. According to our best identification efforts, we think this is an ovambo sparrowhawk:Bird eating fleshAnd a southern pale chanting goshawk:Bird - Falcon?

And, of course, vultures eat dead meat and they’re pretty intimidating:Vultures 2.pngYou might be able to tell that the vulture on the right is way bigger — it’s a different kind called the lappet-faced vulture.Lappet-faced vulture.png Here are some white-backed vultures with a jackal and an even bigger, uglier bird called a maribou stork. Ugly bird with vultures and Jackal and other bird.png

Some of the most common birds were quite unusual to my eye, like this cape glossy starling:Bird - Shimmery

Another super common bird was the helmeted guinea fowl. They’re the chicken of Southern Africa: Guinea Fowl.png

One morning we woke up early to walk to a watering hole that was near the campsite. Unfortunately, there were no big animals drinking. Just hundreds of guinea fowl: Quiet Sunrise and Watering Hole.png

Maybe you need to see the video to get a sense of how peaceful it was, the sounds of the guinea fowl and their quiet sounds.

That morning, we also spotted this red-billed hornbill, which made the early wake up worth it.Bird Red beak.png

At a different watering hole, we saw this great egret. Most of the time, we weren’t able to get so close, because it is forbidden to get out of your vehicle, but at certain campsites, there are watering holes with viewing platforms surrounded by glass. So, I was in the “cage” and not the bird, and we were able to get really close. Egret.pngSo many expressive faces! Egret Faces.JPG

There were many more beautiful birds, some not identified or I wasn’t able to capture a picture.Bird tail.png

I totally had a moment with this little owl, maybe a pearl spotted owlet, but didn’t have my good camera on me. So all I have is the memory and this blurry phone picture:Owl.png

The challenge of capturing these creatures with photography was a lot of fun. Sometimes I was happy with the results, and sometimes not.Screen Shot 2018-08-14 at 10.32.57 PM.png

Sometimes I caught the bird in his natural habitat, and sometimes just on the ground. Red-headed Finch.pngAnd sometimes I just marveled at the nests themselves, often quite spectacular:Screen Shot 2018-08-14 at 10.30.21 PM.png

Which is your favorite bird?

Night Safari at Etosha

Another SunsetThe night before we got to Etosha National Park, our guides asked us if we wanted to sign up for a night safari (at additional cost). We said yes, of course! The more animals, the better! But after a long day of animal spotting, driving around in the truck on bumpy roads, and breathing in dust, we got to the campsite late, and we were exhausted. Sunset at CampsiteThere wasn’t enough time to eat dinner. We rushed to set up our tents before the sun set.

I had bought some cup o’ soup and cheap ramen, so I shared with the other members of my group so we could snarf down some food before hitting the road again. We got to our jeep just in time for the guide to give us blanket ponchos and hit the road. He told us that he would try to text the animals to let them know we were coming, but no guarantees we’d see much. We braced ourselves, unsure if we had made the right decision.

The night safari turned out to be a fabulous choice. The guide / driver had a red light which he used to try to spot the reflective eyes of animals. We hadn’t been driving too long when we spotted a bat-eared fox, which was ridiculously cute: Bat Eared Fox

As we drove along, the whole jeep was trying to spot creatures. Often, one of us would see something move, and yell, “stop! On the right!” Almost always, it was a springbok — not so exciting. We started saying, “It’s always springbok,” and laughing, because more times than not, that’s what we were seeing. Springbok.png

But it wasn’t always springbok. Watching giraffes running through the night was a spectacular sight.

Running Giraffe.png

We also spotted a small-spotted cat, which is basically the wild version of a house cat. They aren’t very common to spot in the wild, so this was really exciting! Once we spotted it, the guide was able to switch to his white light and the cat didn’t run away too quickly.Small spotted cat.png

The scrub hare is basically an African bunny. Less exciting. Scrub Hare.png

Steenboks were at least a little more interesting than the springbok, because they’re little and cute. But still kind of deer-like:Steenbok.png

We had seen a bunch of blackbacked jackals during the day, but at night they’re kind of spookier:Jackal.png

The guide drove us over to a watering hole where we spotted a leopard! Too far for me to get in a photo, but definitely there, walking back and forth along the shore. There were also massive numbers of elephants, but yeah, it was night and hard to get a good photo. The light was powerful but the guide didn’t really care about the elephants because… leopard!Elephants at Night

Then the guide drove us over to the spot where we had seen the zebra carcass and group of lions earlier in the day. Some members of my group recognized the spot (not me, because I’m directionally challenged). Once the guide spotted the lion, he off-roaded the jeep and we drove through the fields right to the lion! I’m not going to lie — I was a little bit terrified to be so close! Lion gazing over carcassHe kept the light to the side of the lion, so as not to blind her or anger her.Not in eyes

Lions are pride animals, so the guide explained that there was a group of 7 or so who had made this kill, and the others were probably off getting a drink or something. This was the guard. She was sleepy and full, so not interested in attacking us. Phew! (I have photos that show more guts but they’re really gross so I’m sparing you the disgustingness with the magic of cropping):Lion and guts

At this point, we were pretty happy with the night safari. But it was getting cold and everyone was tired. We were huddled up in our blanket ponchos trying to stay warm as the wind whipped by our faces (and it was probably in the 40s anyway — winter in Namibia is not warm).  I made small chat with our guide, who was super nice. I told him that we still needed to see a hyena before the night was over, and within 5 minutes, there was one standing on the road in front of us. I’m magic!

Hyena Red LightHyena

I tried to wish for a few more animals, but apparently I only got one successful conjuring. We never spotted a honey badger, though apparently they are easy to see at the campsite and we just missed it. We did get back to dinner waiting for us, a really yummy shepherd’s pie type dish. And we never saw a cheetah or a pangolin (google it!), but that just gives me more reasons to go back some day.

So yeah, totally worth it. Screen Shot 2018-08-14 at 4.00.56 PM.png

One more blog entry on Etosha National Park coming soon — Namibian birds are much more interesting than you might imagine.

Big Animals of Etosha National Park

Me and Tofu San on Salt Plan.pngEtosha National Park is a mecca for animals. It’s really big, about the size of New Jersey, and overall, the climate is pretty dry. There’s a huge dried out lake, called a salt pan, in the middle of it. The salt pan is the size of Rhode Island, and looking out over it feels like looking out at the ocean. The salt pan is flat and goes as far as the eye can see. It makes for great photographs where you can mess with perspective.

Because of the scarcity of water at Etosha, animals congregate at various watering holes around the park, some natural and some man-made. This makes it easy to spot a lot of animals at once. Apparently, the animals help each other out spotting predators — each brings a different skill, whether strong hearing, vision, or smell. Here’s a little video that I took — see if you can spot the giraffe’s tongue and the elephant drinking:

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At the entrance gate, I bought a handy little booklet which has photos of the animals found in the park, and checked them off there. In total, we counted 50 different types of animals over our two days there — 23 species of mammals and 27 types of birds.  I don’t have photos of every single one, but I’ll share a lot here!

The youngest member of our group (who is 11) kept count of what we saw, so I’ll list the big animals here, roughly from the most common to the least.

Springbok (more than 1000) — we saw them everywhere!Spring bok.pngTraffic.png

Plains Zebra (also more than 1000) — this is a different type than what we saw at the watering hole in the desert, which was the Hartmann’s Mountain Zebra. They’re just so beautiful — check out the nursing colt in the bottom photo.

Blue Wildebeest (~500): They’re quite majestic, and apparently, also sometimes called a gnu!Wildebeest - running.png

Oryx / Gemsbok (~85) — I think these are my favorite of the deer-like animals:Oryx.pngWatering hole - oryx.png

Giraffe (~65) — I’ve seen them before, but they don’t cease to amaze me. I loved watching them drink, and their run is very clunky but also poised:

We saw two young giraffes flirting and playing, and it was the cutest thing ever:

Black-Faced Impala (~47) — these guys are called the McDonalds of Southern Africa, because they’re everywhere, and it looks like they have the letter M on their butts:Impala.png

African Elephants (~35) — So majestic and beautiful. From afar, of course. They’re dangerous to approach!

Greater Kudu (~30) — Yet another type of antelope / deer type animal, but with the curliest horns. Here’s a male and a few of the females in his group in front of the salt pan.Kudu and salt pan.png

Red Hartebeest (~20): I love their long faces. They’re big guys, like the wildebeest. Red Hartbeest.png

Blackbacked Jackals (~14): They are smarmy little canines who try to steal leftovers from other animals and apparently carry rabies. They hang out with vultures. But they’re very cute. Jackal 2

Banded Mongoose (a bunch) — they were at the campsite where we stopped for lunch. Very playful!Mongoose.png

African Lion (4) — We were lucky to see a group of lions with their kill. A bloody zebra.Lion with flesh.png

We weren’t too close, but we went back later that night on our evening safari and drove right over. Check back to see those pictures. Yikes.  In these ones, taken during the day, you can see the jackals and vultures keeping an eye, to swoop in when the lions aren’t looking. Lion Jackal Vulture dueling over zebra carcass.png

Warthog (3) — They’re pigs, but Lion King made them famous. Warthog.png

Black Rhinoceros (2): They’re very endangered, and it’s much more likely to see white rhinos in other parts of Africa, but the black rhinos are more common in Namibia. One way to tell them apart? We were told that the black rhinos always have their babies behind them, and the white rhinos always have their babies in front, like humans (not sure if this is a real “rule” for humans, but interesting nonetheless). Rhino face offRhino with salt flat behind

Leopard (2) — I had never spotted a leopard, so I was pretty excited about this one. They’re beautiful!Leopard walking.png We saw it stalking a red hartebeest, but then ultimately deciding to take a nap under a tree. Leopard watching.png

Other smaller animals included the ground squirrel:Ground Squirrel.png

And the Damara Dik-Dik, the smallest of the antelope family:Damara Dik Dik.png

As you can see, there were A LOT of animals at Etosha. How many animals you can spot here? What big bird can you see? Watering hole - busy.png

Check back soon, because the birds of Etosha were incredible, and they deserve their own post. In addition, I’m going to do one extra Etosha post just on our night safari, which was both amazing and terrifying. There’s too much for one blog entry, let alone one photo!Watering hole - big guys.png

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